It’s the first week of Satya Nadella’s tenure as CEO of Microsoft, and investors are already calling for Microsoft’s new boss to make radical changes at the company. Two of Microsoft’s largest shareholders are reportedly urging the sale of the company’s Entertainment and Devices division, which is responsible for both the Microsoft Surface and Xbox.

The call to slim down the company’s product offerings has been heard many times before, as a significant portion of Microsoft’s shareholders have argued for the company to focus on its extremely-profitable business software and cloud computing divisions. Now that Steve Ballmer--a committed supporter of the Xbox and Surface--has retired from Microsoft’s top job, these investors are seizing the opportunity to push the company in a new direction.

Satya Nadella, who was named as Microsoft’s new CEO last week, is moving to the job after running Microsoft’s Cloud and Enterprise division. This gives him the expertise and experience necessary to make cloud and enterprise a greater focus at the Redmond company. To do so would be to turn away from the path tread by predecessors Steve Ballmer and Bill Gates, who both stressed the importance of the consumer market.

Manoeuvring between these diverging visions of the company’s future will be a challenge for Nadella, who will need to assert a clear strategy capable of winning over both the boardroom and smaller investors. Though Microsoft remains highly-profitable overall, its attempts to capitalise on the growth of the mobile and smartphone markets have lost the company hundreds of millions of dollars, a fact that has worried many investors. Furthermore, profits from Xbox are insignificant when compared to those from the enterprise division, while the search engine Bing is currently making a loss.

Steve Ballmer’s vision of Microsoft’s future was a company offered the full range of technology products across the “many screens” of consumers’ lives. Ballmer’s argument was that the lines between enterprise computing and personal computing were blurring, giving rise to products such as the Microsoft Surface--a tablet-PC hybrid intended to be used for both work and play. Though the company’s Entertainment and Devices division is currently a poor performer financially, the longer term benefit of keeping a strong presence in consumer’s lives is potentially extremely great. If Nadella is of this opinion, the recent calls to scrap Entertainment and Devices will be an important early test of the new CEO’s nerve.